Delta del Ebre

The Ebre Delta meets for its unique features offers one of the most unique landscapes in Catalonia. A territory gained over the years at sea.

Montsià, Tarragona

Description

The Ebre Delta landscapes are among the most personal and unique landscapes to be found in the whole of Catalonia. Located in an area that has been earned over the years at sea, completely waterlogged, favors the existence of a unique life conditions.

The origin of the institutional protection the park receives, was born of the claims of the inhabitants of Delta aware of the uniqueness and importance of this. These movements were a result of a series of actions that harmed the territory exploitation.

On 4 August of 1983, only 39 days after mobilization was achieved standardize and protect the status of the park with the Decree of the Natural Park of the Ebro Delta.

The protection of the different areas of the park, is necessary to preserve the life of their species, such as wet areas occurs cno are a place upon which countless species among which are more than 50 species of fish and more than 360 birds.

Also depend on small local economies park and exploitation make the park mainly to agriculture, livestock, fisheries and tourism.





Geology

The Ebro Delta has won to the sea about 22km, the third largest delta in the Mediterranean. What explains this phenomenon?

Thanks mainly to the river Ebro and its abundant flow, sediment (mineral and rock formations drawn) have been drawn for thousands of years forming the territory that has taken 22km to the sea. These sediments are mainly from the Pyrenees, the Iberian and Cantabrian Mountains.

The man also had a role in the formation of the current Ebro Delta, mainly through the influence of two actions:

     
1. - Opening the mouth of Sorrapa mouth.

     2
. - Increases the number of reservoirs. These hold about 99% of the transported sediment.


These sedimentary environments can be structured in three environments:

1. - Deltaic plain: it is mainly composed of the parts of the park land area. They cover both river sediments such as sand formed lake called.

2. - Coastal Environments: formed by fluvial influence, mainly by the movement of sediments caused by waves. Can be found at the point at which the Delta makes contact with sea sand in a basically.

2. - Marine environments: the form bays (arrows delta form, completely surrounded by water), the prodelta (formed at the transition point between the river and the sea) and the continental shelf (located directly on the sea, are the set of even submerged sediments are part of Delta).


Habitats

The habitats of the Natural Park of Delta del Ebre are particularly interesting taking into account the unique conditions that exist in a space that includes both continental environments, fluvial and marine. The combination of these three environments favors the appearance of nine distinct habitats.

The river: direct responsible existence of the Delta, it extends some 32k on it. Found by side riparian environment (relating to banks) with riparian forest and river aquatic environment. On the other hand we found the atmosphere of marine influence, little forest vegetation, replacing more aquatic vegetation.

The sea: has a very rich underwater vegetation, especially seaweeds, abundant nutrients.

Bays: contains water which is stagnant and with a depth that in no case exceeds eight meters deep. The birds found here a have perfect setting to capture their prey.

Beach and dunes: offer a unique landscape and impossible to find elsewhere in the Catalan region with large sand dunes. The river and the contact with the sea and winds over the years have shaped this landscape of dunes.

Salobral and salt: the habitat to be found here is one of the most special, example is that its protection is listed as internationally important. The sediment contact seaside favors a habitat rich in sea salts, which favors the emergence of a truly unique vegetation adapted to these characteristics.

The lagoons: are ponds of water that are in direct contact with the sea, this makes having a saline character, although the amount of salt you have can vary depending on the time of year where we are. In its surroundings we find rice fields. Full of life, inside there are specially adapted aquatic plant species, while abroad are home to many species, especially birds.

Grommets: are one of the elements that range from the park, and usually have a limited life because the rains are directly dependent of the park. In impervious areas and water stagnates territory emerges.

The paddy: is one of the most present habitats of the park and performs a basic function of feeding birds, also favor the control paddies and balance in the amount of salt found in the soils of the park.

The orchard: more continental area of the park owes its origin mainly to human exploitation of the park. Soils serve as breeding ground for potatoes, cabbage or tomatoes.


Vegetation

Delta conditions bring out unique species that can hardly look at another point of Catalonia, are cataloged about 700 plant species.

The species that are adapted to high salt levels, are called sosares. Some of these species are marram or lilies of sea.

At high levels of groundwater found called reeds, represented by plants like morning glories or cattails.

In the only forest park environment, formed by riparian forests, we can find plant species such as alder, ash or elm.


Animals

The humid climate favors the appearance of abundant invertebrate communities. In the park is the frequent presence of leech, or mosquitoes that require controls on their populations.

Among the predators of spider species found park or dragonflies. Another of the species found in moist environments are the larvae or water snakes.

Poultry

Special mention bird population of the park, with a unique populations throughout Catalonia, by their number and diversity. His interest goes beyond our borders.

Among the resident birds in the park can find waterfowl (ducks, swans and geese), shorebirds (found in coastal wetlands) and seabirds. To these we must add the migratory birds that are passing through the park.

Contemplation respectful of birds in the park is a common activity. Fall is the best time of year for this activity, we can see some 330 species with populations between 50,000 and 100,000 birds.


Fish

The park river conditions, generate an ecosystem that favors the emergence of different types of fish. Traditionally been carried out eel fishing.

Every time we found a lower species such as sturgeons and lampreys, detrimental to the appearance of other species such as black bass, catfish or pike.


Contact Information

Natural Park of Delta de l'Ebre
Avda Catalunya, 46
43580 Deltebre
Tel: 977 48 21 81
Fax: 977 48 13 92
pndeltaebre@gencat.cat
www.gencat.cat/parcs/delta_ebre/





Links of Interest

· Routes Ebre Delta (Wikiloc)
· Routes Ebre Delta (Official)
· Park Map (PDF)
· Activities in the Park
· Viewpoints Park (PDF)


For rural tourism in the Ebre Delta and visit with tranquility and time, we suggest you visit our list of accommodations in the province of Catalonia where is the park, see our cottages in Tarragona.
You can also check the farmhouses related by proximity to the park, or any of our cottages in Catalonia.


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